Minimally Invasive Twin Insertion Flex Fixed Knee Replacement Surgery
For millions of people who suffer from osteoarthritis, pain has become a part of every day life. In some cases, total Knee Replacement Surgery In India may be the best option for relief. But many individuals may not take that step, fearing further limitations in their daily activities.
A new implant for total Knee Replacement Surgery In India can help put those concerns to rest.
For patients with the ability and desire, the Flex Fixed Knee Replacement Surgery In India is designed to accommodate resumption of deep knee bending activities. Early diagnosis, good preoperative flexibility and appropriate rehabilitation (physical therapy) can help a patient's chance for success.
- A Higher Degree of Bending for Total Knee Replacement Recipients.
- The Knee Replacement Surgery In India is Minimally Invasive Ensuring a Faster Recovery.
- A Leading Edge Treatment for Joint Replacements Patients.
- Patients can resume an Active Lifestyle after Total Knee Replacement
The Flex Fixed Knee Replacement Surgery In India is the first knee specifically designed to safely accommodate flexibility of up to 155 degrees. Many activities of daily living require good range of motion, such as climbing stairs (75-140 degrees) and sitting in a chair (90-130 degrees). Hobbies such as gardening and golfing or activities such as kneeling for prayer and sitting cross-legged can demand an even greater degree of bending. Generally, knee replacements have been designed to accommodate flexibility up to 125 degrees.
What is the benefit of the Flex Fixed Knee Replacement Surgery ?
The Flex Fixed Knee is specifically designed to safely accommodate up to 155 degrees of flexion in patients who had this ability before surgery. This means that with appropriate rehabilitation a patient can resume an active lifestyle after total knee replacement – deeply bending the knee for recreational, religious and other day-to-day activities. Patients today want to continue their previous lifestyles – even after total knee replacement. The Flex Fixed Knee may be an option for many patients to help them achieve this goal.
Recently a new computer navigation assisted cemented knee replacement technique has been introduced
What is the advantage of computer assisted knee replacement surgery ?
The CAS ( Computer Assisted Surgery) for knee replacements require just a small handheld intra-operative navigation device. This navigation device invalidates the need of using complicated and expensive machines inside the operation theaters. This is a single use device and the surgery can be done anywhere (ease of movement) without the need to maintain expensive equipment in an operation theater. This kind of surgery also gives a good flexibility to the surgeon and allows patients to choose among the best available options for knee replacement surgery.
One of the key distinct advantage of this surgery is that patients don't have to undergo corrective surgeries for previously wrongly done united fractures and deformities, which decreases the pain and cost for the patient.
A computer navigation assisted cemented knee replacement surgery cost is slightly more than a normal knee replacement surgery. The expected increase in cost is between $800 USD to $900 USD only
This surgery was unique as it used handheld intra-operative navigation for the first time in Eastern India. This handheld navigation negates the use of complicated and expensive use of a machine to be kept in operating theatre. It is a single-use system and can be done anywhere without buying expensive navigation machine which remains confined to one OT. It gives one flexibility of operating in any good set up and patients to choose the best options in knee replacement surgery. Besides one does not need to undergo corrective surgery for previous wrongly united fractures and deformity decreasing the repeated agony and costs of multiple surgeries.
Process of Knee Replacement Surgery
The knee is the hinge joint consisting of three bones. The upper part of the hinge is at the end of the upper leg bone (femur), and the lower part of the hinge is at the top of the lower leg bone (tibia). When the knee is bent, the end of the femur rolls and slides on top of the tibia. A third bone, the kneecap (patella), glides over the front and end of the femur.
In a healthy knee joint, the surfaces of these bones are very smooth and covered with a tough protective tissue called cartilage. Osteoarthritis causes damage to the bone surfaces and cartilage where the three bones meet and rub together. These damaged surfaces can eventually become painful. There are several ways to treat the pain caused by osteoarthritis. One way is a total knee replacement surgery. The decision to have total knee replacement surgery should be made very carefully after consulting your doctor and learning as much as you can about the knee joint, osteoarthritis, and the surgery.
In some cases, the Flex Fixed Knee may be an option for total knee replacement. The basic surgical procedure for the Flex Fixed Knee is the same as for any other total knee replacement. In total knee replacement surgery, the bone surfaces and cartilage that have been damaged by osteoarthritis are removed and replaced with artificial surfaces made of metal and a plastic material. We call these artificial surfaces "implants," or "prostheses."
How is Knee Replacement Surgery done
The patient is first taken into the operating room and given anesthesia. After the anesthesia has taken effect, the skin around the knee is thoroughly scrubbed with an antiseptic liquid. The knee is flexed about 90 degrees and the lower portion of the leg, including the foot, is placed in a special device to securely hold it in place during the surgery. Usually a tourniquet is then applied to the upper portion of the leg to help slow the flow of blood during the surgery. An incision is then made that typically extends from just above the knee to just below the knee. The incision is gradually made deeper through muscle and other tissue until the bone surfaces are exposed.
How are Damaged Bone Surfaces removed ?
The damaged bone surfaces and cartilage are removed by the surgeon. Precision instruments and guides are used to help make sure the cuts are made at the correct angles so the bones will align properly after the new surfaces (implants) are attached. Small amounts of the bone surface are removed from the front, end and back of the femur. This shapes the bone so the implants will fit properly. The amount of bone that is removed depends on the amount of bone that has been damaged by the osteoarthritis. A small portion of the top surface of the tibia is also removed, making the end of the bone flat. The back surface of the patella (kneecap) is also removed.
How implants are attached ?
An implant is attached to each of the three bones. These implants are designed so that the knee joint will move in a way that is very similar to the way the joint moved when it was healthy. The implants are attached using a special kind of cement for bones.The implant that fits over the end of the femur is made of metal. Its surface is rounded and very smooth, covering the front and back of the bone as well as the end. The implant that fits over the top of the tibia usually consists of two parts. A metal baseplate fits over the part of the bone that was cut flat. A durable plastic insert is then attached to the baseplate to serve as an articulating surface between the baseplate and the metal implant that covers the end of the femur. The implant that covers the back of the patella is also made of a durable plastic. Artificial knee implants come in many designs. The surgeon will choose the implant design that best meets the patient's needs.
Post attachment of the implants
Closing the Wound. If necessary, the surgeon may adjust the ligaments that surround the knee to achieve the best possible knee function. When all of the implants are in place and the ligaments are properly adjusted, the surgeon sews the layers of tissue back into their proper position. A plastic tube may be inserted into the wound to allow liquids to drain from the site during the first few hours after surgery. The edges of the skin are then sewn together, and the knee is wrapped in a sterile bandage. The patient is then taken to the recovery room.
Knee Replacement Surgery cost In India
- Unilateral Knee Surgery - ONE KNEE $4499 USD
- Bilateral Knee Surgery - BOTH KNEES $9000 USD
- ACL Reconstruction Surgery $2200 USD
Stay Required In India 7 days
Note: Cost Estimate for above include stay in a Private Room where a Companion can stay with the patient surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, food and Airport Pick & Drop. More accurate treatment cost estimates can be provided if medical reports are emailed to us or after the patient is examined by doctors after arrival at hospital in India and medical tests are done after admission.
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