Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant are transplants in which the new cells are taken from a matching donor instead of the patient itself. Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant is a fairly complex treatment process which requires proper planning and implementation.
Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant is used to treat various medical conditions such as leukaemia, lymphoma, myeloma, myelodysplastic syndromes, aplastic anaemia and other serious bone marrow related diseases.It is very important to get a healthy donor with similar matched stem cells. This is the most crucial and important requirement of this transplant.
When patients undergo very high doses of radiations and chemotherapy, these radiations also destroys the healthy cells besides the diseased cells. The healthy cells are important in formation of blood and therefore are required to be replaced. But allogeneic cases due to the high radiations the healthy cells that are formed inside the bone marrow are also affected rendering the usage of these cells. Therefore, in this case a suitably matched donor is identified and the healthy cells from the bone marrow of the donor are extracted. These extracted cells are then injected into patient which kick-starts the introduction of healthy cells in the blood. During the injection process a conditioning therapy is used which is basically the immune suppressant to enable the newly injected stem cells from the donor to become compatible with the patients immune system. This completes the Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant treatment process.
Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant in India is now offered in many medical centres and is now fast becoming popular than the regular Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplant treatment method and has been considered to be an effective treatment for curing various types of blood cancers. The approximate cost of Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant in India is upwards of $20000 USD with a stay of 21 days in hospital. Post hospital stay patients are required to stay for another 90 days in India.